News

Tocilizumab found to be effective, safe for NMOSD: Meta-analysis

Tocilizumab, an anti-inflammatory medication used off-label for neuromyelitis optica spectrum disorder (NMOSD), can help prevent relapses (flare-ups) and ease disability while being generally safe, according to a meta-analysis. The study, “Tocilizumab treatment in neuromyelitis optica spectrum disorders: Updated meta-analysis of efficacy and safety,” was published in the journal…

Uplizna now approved in Canada to treat adults with NMOSD

Health Canada has approved Uplizna (inebilizumab-cdon) to treat adults in the country with neuromyelitis optica spectrum disorder (NMOSD) who test positive for disease-driving anti-aquaporin-4 (AQP4) antibodies. The decision adds Canada to the list of nations where the medication is now available. The intravenous or into-the-vein infusion, developed by…

SAB develops unique therapeutic antibodies to treat NMOSD

SAB Biotherapeutics has developed therapeutic antibodies — without the need for human donors — that can neutralize self-reactive antibodies associated with autoimmune diseases, such as neuromyelitis optica spectrum disorder (NMOSD). Working in collaboration with CSL Behring, a partnership established in 2020, SAB used its DiversitAb…

Blood levels of long non-coding RNAs may be NMOSD biomarkers

Certain long non-coding RNAs (lncRNAs) — a family of molecules that can regulate gene activity — tied to immune function were at significantly higher levels in the blood of people with neuromyelitis optica spectrum disorder (NMOSD) compared with the general population, a study reports. All four evaluated markers —…

88% of clinicians in survey prescribe approved NMOSD treatments

Nearly all neuroimmunologists treating patients with neuromyelitis optica spectrum disorder (NMOSD) who test positive for anti-AQP4 antibodies have prescribed one of the three currently approved therapies: Soliris (eculizumab), Uplizna (inebilizumab-cdon), and Enspryng (satralizumab-mwge). These are the findings of a U.S. survey that also found most responding…

Frequent treatment switching linked to worse outcomes in study

People with neuromyelitis optica spectrum disorder (NMOSD) who switch between treatments more than once because of side effects or non-medical reasons have an increased risk of disease activity, a study shows. While each additional switch for either reason increased the risk of NMOSD activity, no such association was seen…

Milk production hormone prolactin linked to active NMOSD, study finds

Blood levels of prolactin, a hormone mostly known for its role in milk production, are significantly elevated in people with neuromyelitis optica spectrum disorder (NMOSD) as compared with healthy adults, a study found. Among NMOSD patients, these high prolactin levels were significantly associated with active disease, sensory-related symptoms, and…

Ultomiris now approved in Canada for AQP4-positive NMOSD adults

Ultomiris (ravulizumab) is now approved in Canada to treat adults with neuromyelitis optica spectrum disorder (NMOSD) who are positive for antibodies against aquaporin-4 (AQP4). According to a press release from Alexion Canada, which will market Ultomiris in the country, it’s the “first and only” long-acting therapy…